What Are the Symptoms of Gout?


What Are the Symptoms of Gout?
Gout symptoms often come on quickly and start with pain, redness and inflammation of the big toe, ankles, knees and fingers. The first signs of pain normally appear in a single joint and is caused by the formation of uric acid crystals.  

What Causes Gout?
Gout is caused by an excess of uric acid (hyperuricemia) which forms crystals in the joints. The following may increase your chances of the onset of gout: obesity, alcohol, eating purine rich foods, diabetes, medications and genetics.

Gout Pain Relief, Medicines and Treatment
Immediate treatment of gout usually starts with anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen. The attacks can last for days or weeks. If gout flare ups become common Allopurinol may be prescribed by your physician. Allopurinol lowers uric acid levels and needs to be taken on a continual basis, often for a lifetime.

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References

Harvard Health Publishing, Updated: July 3, 2019, Published: April, 2010, All About Gout, Harvard Health Letter, https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/all-about-gout, accessed 12/10/2020.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Page last reviewed: July 27, 2020, Gout, https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/gout.html, accessed on 12/11/20.